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Personal Safety



“SITUATIONAL PLANNING” is a personal safety-training program. Thomas J. Hoffman is the President of TJH Consulting, LLC. He applied his diverse experience from 35 years with USDA’s, Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS), to create a highly effective training program on personal safety.

Situational Planning is offered as a one-day training program. There are four Situational Planning Principles (SPP’s):

1. Threat Assessment

2. Position of Advantage

3. Action

4. Evaluation.

Government and business officials are taught how to develop a written plan of action prior to conducting a potentially dangerous assignment or interacting with a known or potentially dangerous individual. Many government agencies and businesses are using these principles with great success.




  • Develop a new approach to assignments and inspections
  • Identify potential threats
  • Place personal safety before work assignments.
  • Provide a “system” to work from



  • Enhance personal safety
  • Require a Written Plan of Action
  • Provide tools to pro-actively manage situations
  • Bring potentially dangerous assignments to a successful conclusion
  • Enhance the ability to articulate the reasons for actions
  • Respond instinctively to potentially dangerous situations


Situational Planning is a pro-active method for approaching and working through situations. The SPP’s identify critical areas of concern for all employees.

Situational Planning is a personal safety training program designed to enable employees to develop a written plan-of-action prior to conducting a potentially dangerous assignment or interacting with a known or potentially dangerous individual.

Situational Planning is a proven “system” that enables employees to accomplish their mission and remain safe.


First, employees learn how to assess a potential threat that may exist. They are also taught how to assign a risk level to the assignment on a scale from 1-10. This is the decision making step of Situational Planning.

Second, employees identify what resources and equipment are available that would give them a position of advantage prior to executing their plan of action. This may involve bringing an armed police officer with them to assure their personal safety. This step is self-initiated and pro-active.

Third, employees build the specifics of their plan of action by answering the questions – who, what, why, when and where the plan is to be implemented. This is the action step to Situational Planning.

Fourth, after the plan is executed, employees learn how to do an evaluation of what went right with the plan and what could be improved upon. This is the follow-through step to SP.


  • The goals of the course
  • Instructor background
  • History of course development
  • Situational planning principles as a system
  • Organizational culture

  • Law enforcement
  • Agency mission
  • Statistics
  • Case examples
  • Articulate reasons for action
  • Written plan of action
  • Supervisor role
  • Notification to firm
  • Memo to file
  • Custom designed scenario’s
  • As you go through the training, you will have the opportunity to apply the SPP’s while observing or participating in situations and practical exercises.
  1. Introduction
  2. Federal Law Enforcement Training Center
  3. Perceptions
  4. Reality on the street
  5. Proactively manage situations
  6. The four Situational Planning Principles (SPP’s) are:
    • Position of Advantage
    • Threat Perception/ Assessment
    • Response
    • Evaluation.
  7. Documentation
  8. Workshops

Potentially dangerous assignments, such as inspections and investigations, and interacting with potentially dangerous individuals, require government officials and others to evaluate a situation and properly respond. There are few “Text Book” solutions due to the complexity and many variables of a situation and the varying abilities and experiences of employees. Often there are subtle differences between situations that would allow for different responses. Several responses could be chosen based on the totality of the situation.

The (SPP’s) were developed to allow flexibility of response and enhance training. The (SPP’S) also provide government and business officials with a proactive method for approaching and working through situations. The SPP’s are common “law enforcement” principles which identify critical areas of concern for all government officials. In training, they allow the validation of all acceptable techniques/options within the scope of the principle. In practice, SP can be used by individuals as a “Road Map” or “Check List” to think through a problem, determine a course of action, respond to a successful conclusion and articulate the reason for their actions.